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Uric Acid Test: A Complete Guide

lab doctor performing medical exam urine
Medically reviewed by Dr Dhaval Prajapati, MD,IDCCM, EDIC, FIECMO, FCCS

Are you interested in uric acid tests? Perhaps you’ve heard of them but aren’t sure what they entail, or you’re wondering if you should get one done yourself. You’ve arrived at the right site! This blog post delves into the intricacies of uric acid testing, giving you a full overview of all you need to know. So let’s get started!

What is Uric Acid?

Uric acid is a chemical molecule created by the body as a waste product when purines, which are naturally occurring compounds found in many meals and beverages, are broken down. Although everyone’s blood and urine contain uric acid, high levels of uric acid can cause health problems such as gout and kidney disease.

How is Uric Acid Formed in the Body?

As previously stated, uric acid is generated when the body breaks down purines. Purines may be found in various foods and beverages, including red meat, shellfish, beer, and wine. The body creates uric acid naturally, but some meals and beverages might cause the body to produce more than it requires.

What is Considered as Uric Acid Normal Value?

For men, a uric acid test normal range is typically between 3.4 and 7.2 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), while for women, it is usually between 2.4 and 6.0 mg/dL. However, these ranges may vary slightly depending on the laboratory performing the test.

What is Uric Acid Test?

A uric acid test is a simple blood or urine test that measures the amount of uric acid in the body. If you’ve been experiencing joint pain or swelling, your doctor may recommend a uric acid test to check for gout or other health conditions.

Why is the Uric Acid Test Done?

There are several reasons why your doctor may recommend this test, including:

  • Uric Acid Levels Increase Due to Certain Medications
  • Diagnosis of kidney illness
  • Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment
  • Gout Diagnosis

What are the Types of Uric Acid Tests?

As mentioned earlier, there are two types of uric acid tests: blood and urine tests. The uric acid blood test is the most common and measures the amount of uric acid in the blood. The urine test measures the amount of uric acid in the urine and is often used to diagnose kidney problems.

How to Prepare for Uric Acid Test?

Your healthcare provider may give you specific instructions based on the type of test being done.

  • Fasting – Is fasting required for uric acid test – this could be the first question that may pop up in your mind. You may need to fast for a certain amount of time beforehand.
  • Diet – Your healthcare provider may ask you to avoid certain foods high in purines, like red meat, organ meat, seafood, beer, and wine. They may also ask you to steer clear of foods high in fructose, such as sugary drinks and fruits like apples and pears.
  • Medications – You may need to avoid drugs that increase uric acid levels or the ones that decrease it.

What is the Uric Acid Blood Test Procedure?

During the process, a medical practitioner will collect a tiny sample of your blood, usually from your arm. To make the veins more visible and accessible, an elastic band will be placed around the upper arm. An antiseptic will be used to clean the location of the blood draw.

The sample is then submitted to a lab to be analysed to determine the uric acid level in your blood. The test is brief and painless, and you should be able to resume your daily activities immediately.

Based on the findings, your doctor will discuss the test results with you and prescribe any required treatment or lifestyle adjustments.

How Uric Acid Urine Test is Done?

If you need to take a uric acid test, you’ll have to collect your urine for 24 hours. Don’t worry. Your healthcare provider will give you a particular container and instructions on collecting and storing your urine properly. Keep your urine sample in a cool place, like a fridge or cooler, to avoid bacterial growth.

Once the 24-hour period is up, return the container to your healthcare provider or laboratory, preferably in an ice chest. The laboratory will examine your sample and determine the uric acid levels in your urine.

Your healthcare provider will then let you know the results. If your uric acid levels are outside the normal range, it could indicate certain medical conditions like gout or kidney disease.

How to Interpret Uric Acid Test Report?

If you’ve recently undergone a uric acid test, you may wonder how to interpret the results. The normal range for uric acid levels can vary depending on whether the test was performed on your blood or urine.

The uric acid blood test normal range is typically between 3.4 and 7.2 mg/dL for men and between 2.4 and 6.0 mg/dL for women. For urine tests, the normal range is typically between 250 and 750 mg/24 hours.

If your results show high uric acid levels in either your blood or urine, it could indicate a risk for gout or kidney stones. Conversely, if your uric acid levels are too low, it could be a sign of other health concerns. It’s important to discuss any abnormal results with your healthcare provider for further evaluation and treatment.

Remember, it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional if you have concerns about uric acid levels or other health-related issues.

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There are no risks involved in uric acid blood tests.

The typical cost of a uric acid test in India is between ₹200 and ₹1500. It may vary depending on your location and choice of lab.

No, fasting is not typically required for a uric acid test.

There are home test kits available for uric acid testing, but it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate interpretation of the results.

Low uric acid levels may be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic disorders, chronic kidney disease, and certain medications.

High uric acid levels may be caused by several factors, including gout, kidney disease, hypothyroidism, and certain medications.

Jigar Patel is the Founder of Health-e, a HealthTech app that simplifies health records management along with providing personalized and preventative healthcare solutions. Although he has 20+ years of operations and management experience in the EPC domain, Jigar’s true passion lies in making healthcare simpler, faster and more accessible for doctors and patients alike. He strongly believes that people need to be empowered to participate in their own healthcare and is constantly thinking of ways to build this into his app. He loves to keep things simple be it in life, product design, his work or the content he develops. Being married for 10 years and having 2 kids have taught him that perspective matters, so you can always count on him to share new perspectives on various topics.