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Understanding Thyroid Test Price

hypothyroidism result with blood sample tube
Medically reviewed by Dr Rohan J Harsoda – MBBS, DNB(General Surgery)

Lots of people around the world have thyroid conditions. It’s common, and if not treated early, it can cause serious health issues. The thyroid test is an easy and safe way to check for and diagnose thyroid problems.

The cost of the thyroid test can be around Rs. 300 to Rs. 1500, depending on where you are, the lab you go to, and if you need extra services like home collection or quick results. 

This blog gives you info about thyroid, the tests, their prices, and what things can make the test cost more or less.

What is a Thyroid Test?

A thyroid test is a health check that looks at how your thyroid gland is doing. This gland has three hormones: T3 (Triiodothyronine), T4 (Tetraiodothyronine), and TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone). Let’s see why these tests matter.

TSH Tests

Doctors usually start with a TSH test, checking the amount of TSH in your blood. TSH is a hormone from the pituitary gland, telling your thyroid how much T4 and T3 to make.

High TSH often means hypothyroidism—an underactive thyroid. It’s when your thyroid doesn’t make enough hormone, so the pituitary keeps releasing TSH.

Low TSH usually means hyperthyroidism—an overactive thyroid. Here, your thyroid makes too much hormone, and the pituitary stops releasing TSH.

If TSH results aren’t normal, you might need another test to find the problem.

T4 Tests

If your blood has too much or too little T4, it might mean you have hyperthyroidism. 

But sometimes, if you’re pregnant or taking certain medicines, your T4 levels might be high, even if your thyroid is fine. Serious illnesses or using certain medications, like those for asthma or arthritis, can make T4 levels low.

These conditions and medicines affect the proteins in your blood that stick to T4. The stuck T4 is kept in reserve until your body needs it. The T4 that isn’t stuck is called “free” T4, and it’s ready to go into your body tissues. Since changes in protein levels don’t impact free T4, many healthcare professionals prefer to measure that.

T3 Tests

If your healthcare professional thinks you might have hyperthyroidism, even if your T4 is normal, they might do a T3 test to be sure. Sometimes, even if T4 is normal, T3 can be high. So, checking both T4 and T3 levels helps diagnose hyperthyroidism.
As discussed earlier, the HBsAg test is a blood test that helps doctors check for the hepatitis B virus in a person’s body. If the test finds the virus and specific antibodies in the blood, it means the person has a hepatitis B infection. This infection can be passed to others through blood or body fluids.

Thyroid Test Price in India

Ahmedabad 750 300 1500
Bangalore 900 400 1800
Chandigarh 825 350 1600
Chennai 850 350 1700
Delhi 925 400 2000
Gurgaon 975 450 2200
Hyderabad 850 350 1800
Indore 775 300 1600
Kochi 900 400 1800
Kolkata 825 350 1600
Mumbai 975 450 2200
Mysore 850 350 1700
Pune 900 400 1700
Thiruvananthapuram 750 300 1500
Vadodara 775 300 1600

Thyroid Test Procedure

Getting a thyroid test is quite simple. Here’s how it usually goes:

  1. Blood is taken from your arm veins.
  2. The lab collects the required amount of blood.
  3. The blood is sent to a lab for testing thyroid hormones.
  4. After taking the blood, the spot where the needle went in is pressed with cotton to stop any bleeding.

Normal Levels of T3, T4 & TSH

The usual levels for T3, T4, and TSH can vary a bit for each person, depending on things like age, gender, health, the lab doing the test, and more. You can take a look at the range below: 

  • TSH: 0.4 to 4.5 mIU/L
  • Total T4: 4.5-12.0 mcg/dL
  • Total T3: 76-181 ng/dL

If your results show something unusual, your doctor might suggest more tests based on your health and other factors.

Understanding Thyroid Test Results:

The thyroid test includes different parts, and the results are looked at together.

TSH Levels:

As mentioned earlier, if TSH levels are high, it might mean hypothyroidism – your thyroid is not making enough hormones. Many things can cause high TSH, like not having enough iodine, thyroid inflammation, or certain medications. On the other hand, low TSH levels might indicate hyperthyroidism – your thyroid is making too much hormones. This can happen after thyroid surgery or with certain medications.

High T4 might suggest:

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Thyroid inflammation
  • Toxic nodular goiter
  • Too much iodine
  • Certain diseases

Low T4 could mean:

  • Not enough iodine
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Diet problems
  • Thyroid inflammation
  • Certain medications
  • Not eating for a long time
  • Thyrotoxicosis

High T3 could indicate:

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis
  • Graves’ disease
  • Thyroid cancer

Low T3 could suggest:

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Long-term illness

Remember, just one result doesn’t tell everything. Your doctor looks at all the results together to figure out what might be going on. The T3 T4 & TSH Tests are essential, but it’s not the only thing your doctor considers. Test results can be confusing, so it’s important to talk to your healthcare professional to understand what they mean for you. You can conveniently utilize a PHR app such as Health-e to manage and access your test results, eliminating the need to carry physical copies everywhere you go while aiding in diagnosis.

Take charge of your health – download Health-e today and keep your test results at your fingertips!

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Closing Thoughts

Alright, folks, that’s a wrap! Thyroid tests might seem a bit daunting, but they’re really just a tool to help us stay healthy. So, don’t be afraid to get tested if you need to – it could save you a lot of trouble down the road. Stay informed, stay healthy, and take charge of your well-being!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

For thyroid blood test, fasting may not be required. However, for thyroid scans with contrast material, you may have to refrain from eating and drinking a few hours before your appointment. Your healthcare provider will give you specific instructions.
If a contrast material will be used, your doctor may advise you to avoid eating or drinking for a few hours beforehand. You may need to stay away from foods high in iodine such as kelp. Your provider will give you all the preparation details based on your individual circumstances.
Yes! Thyroid testing is important during pregnancy because your body’s hormonal changes can affect thyroid function. Untreated thyroid problems, whether overactive (hyperthyroidism) or underactive (hypothyroidism), pose risks to both mother and baby. Always consult your doctor for personalized guidance during your pregnancy.
A thyroid blood test involves a healthcare professional drawing a blood sample from your arm, which is sent to a lab for analysis of thyroid hormones like TSH. You don’t need to fast beforehand, but tell your doctor about any medications you take. It’s quick, minimally uncomfortable, and helps assess your thyroid function.
After a thyroid blood test, your doctor will discuss the results. They will explain if your thyroid hormone levels are normal, if further testing is required, or if a treatment plan is recommended. Don’t worry unnecessarily about slightly abnormal results, as your doctor will provide thorough guidance and next steps.
Jigar Patel is the Founder of Health-e, a HealthTech app that simplifies health records management along with providing personalized and preventative healthcare solutions. Although he has 20+ years of operations and management experience in the EPC domain, Jigar’s true passion lies in making healthcare simpler, faster and more accessible for doctors and patients alike. He strongly believes that people need to be empowered to participate in their own healthcare and is constantly thinking of ways to build this into his app. He loves to keep things simple be it in life, product design, his work or the content he develops. Being married for 10 years and having 2 kids have taught him that perspective matters, so you can always count on him to share new perspectives on various topics.